Studfarm d`Akhal, France, Akhal-teke horses
Dans l’Est de la France, sur les coteaux du Toulois, entre vignoble et cristal, au carrefour de l’Europe, l’ELEVAGE D'AKHAL a trouvé son havre de paix!


Presentation of 17 lines:

Before turning to the description of each line, we must remember that according to the use we make of the horse must choose one type over another.
The goal of any serious breeder or rider does not have any Akhal Teke.
The rider must already know what he wants and of course should know the differences between each line. Ignoring these principles can lead to poor results: a good sport horse will not have good results presentation show or endurance.

Types are 4 in number:

  • The war horse (alaman at): This is the original horse is divided into light, medium and heavy, which became rarer. Currently there are about 80. Its average height is 155cm and its lines are moderate. It is a balanced constitution with a strong back, a back end and of medium length, a neck and strong legs and excellent hooves. His head is long, straight profile. Her legs are fine and fluid gaits, nomads were talking about a movement "as snakes & nbsp". It is suitable for endurance or hunting horsemen.

The lines are Ak Sakal, Sapar Khan Toporbai, Dor Bairam, Kir Sakar. The best representative of this type is ANTSHAR. * The medium type is represented by VATANCHI, medium size, well attached and muscular neck as also KIR SAKAR and Rokot.

  • The racehorse (toi at): It is mainly used in races, its size is about 160cm, its lines are longer than the war horse, the back is straight, the neck is long, the legs are long and thin, the profile is straight, wide and flaring nostrils. This is the type of horse to choose for racing or jumping. The lines are El, Kaplan, Posman, Fakirpelvan. One of the best current model is Gaigysyz (Posman line).
  • The sport horse: it is more like Trakehner or Anglo-Arab, its size is 165cm, its conformation is closest Western horses, it is suitable for dressage, complete. These are horses that are often found in Europe. The lines are Arab, Gelishikli, Skak, Peren. The best representative is ACHMED (Arab lineage).
  • horse for show: it is a type quite common. Its size is 160cm, its lines are extremely elongated and in all directions. His head is very thin, short and ends with a straight nose, pulled down. The neckline is shaped gooseneck. The extremes of this type are not unanimous among breeders. The lines are Everdi Teleke, Peren, Gelishikli, Kaplan.

Officials establish breeding plans over defined time periods enabling them to compare the quality of the products of a horse, the regularity with which stallions and mares are used successfully. The advantage is that race does not remain static, it evolves.
For example, to A. Klimuk, one of the leading breeders, the purpose of his breeding program for the coming years is to get the horses a little larger.
The sources of the various lines are from 4 horses:
BOINOU: For 12 lines the direct or indirect source is the same in this case the horse Boinou.
KUTLISAKAR: common ancestor of Boinou, it is at the origin of 4 lines SLUTSHAI by his descendant.
TSHOPARKEL: The lines from that horse are the only ones to have no relationship ave the previous two. They have typical characteristics, distinguishing itself completely from all the others: they are strongly marked by the old type.
AKBELEK: Lineage mainly used in Turkmenistan for its predisposition to the race. The founder is a Pure Blood English: FORTHINGRASS.
The history with the offspring of each founder line and features included in individual sections.

Maternal lines:
Although the Akhal Teke is high compared to the paternal line, the influence of certain mares is equally important. Statistics and assessments made on the results of the livestock show. Also it is important to emphasize the existence of a group of good broodmares and their descendants.
There are two types of lines: the so-called "founding mothers" and those who have produced exceptional broodmares. The best maternal lines produced both. Note that the good mares were not mounted by Turkmen, however, in the early nineteenth century nomads have listed and classified producing excellent broodmares and foals that again, passed the quality fillies. Unfortunately, many of these lines "mother" disappeared in the years 1900/1930 due crosses with English pureblood. Other totally changed their characteristics due to crosses with other breeds lost their excellence. The typical example concerns the line Makh.
The best lines date back to 740 KEDI, KHODSHALL 435, 398 TEMMI, DSHEREN 604, 351 PEL. The last two were the best reference mares can produce both foals subsequently selected as standards that future fillies excellent broodmares.
In the description lines are cited mares have been important and which among other gave a quality offspring.

* The figures are from the 90s.

Boinou special case:
2a BOINOU (1885 - 1908) by LELYANING Tchep, Isabelle golden 151cm.
His grandfather was the son of KARAMTSHA KUTLISAKAR. His influence was most important since the lines 19, 12 descend directly or indirectly from it.
It was an outstanding racehorse and he was rarely placed more than 2nd.
As soon as he began his stallion career, he was presented with hundreds of mares and many of his son founded, thanks to their qualities, their own line. Already in the first Stud Book, the 10 lines included, 6 were created by son of Boinou.
It was a fine horse and narrow, with a conformation that, according Belegonov, the editor of the first Stud Book, made him the most worthy to represent the breeding of Akhal Teke, although in truth he was al limit of being too long in the back and neck to be effective in endurance. Also according Belegonov, Boinou can be described as superior to the extent that the criteria by which it was held were not specified at the time.
Applying the criteria of the endurance breeding, compliance is not obvious, long back will suffer if they have to bear heavy weights long distances. The long necks and purposes, they are finely attached to the shoulder can only clock the motions of a tired horse. Nostrils purposes, broken nose, small cheeks were a handicap to breathe, eat and drink.
It remains to discuss whether Boinou would have had the same importance if Turkmenistan had not been invaded by Russia and if pastoralists were able to keep the management of their livestock.
It is not foolish to say that the view of other lines where Boinou does not, it foreshadows the modern type.
Moreover, there is no doubt about the quality of livestock Boinou he sired excellent mares. One of his best son was MELEKUSH.

especially if Bek Nasar Dor:
BEK NASAR DOR (1913-1939) by BEK NASAR AL Iljas and KARA, bai 153cm
Bek Nazar Dor
His father BEK NASAR AL was the son of AK JAK MELE son of KEPAN son of BOINOU.
Although having no longer own lineage, he had a lot of importance in breeding. His style, his conformation make it a pure copy the eyes of purists current breeders. Its moderate size ranked it in the Teke style before 1900.
His frame was very strong, his size was compact and had a shorter back the horses from BOINOU: surely he had it to her mother.
This stallion appears in many pedigrees and influence as well as that of his father NASAR AL BEK was capital. These two standards have been more important in the race that BOINOU himself. Their descendants perpetuated this phenomenon as mothers and fathers founding lineages great broodmares.
Of all his ancestors, he holds his riding skills and endurance of war. At the time, it seemed long but his back was not swayed, her neck was long but well attached to the shoulders, and his head had a long profile, big ganache-type war, large and clear eyes.
Although thin and elegant, there was no sign of weakness: he was the kind portrait engravings of the XII century.
He was a winner of temperament on dozens of races, he has never been beaten. After his retirement, he received awards for excellence in every presentation.
Bek Nazar was a well known breeder in the Akhal Teke breed at the end of the century. He lived in Turkmenistan. His name and that of his horses exceeded the borders of Turkmenistan. He was known for his two horses: BAK NASAR AL and son BEK NASAR DOR. Bek Nazar sold BEK NASAR AL at Haras Turkmenistan, but he kept BEK NASAR DOR because they were inseparable. The old man wanted to never be separated from his horse he considered "the apple of his eye." BEK NAZAR DOR has never lived in a stable but his breeder-owner of leading the tribe to tribe where he exchanged food and shelter against projections. Bek Nazar slept slept near his stallion and no one else had the right to care for him: indeed, he refused the presence of other people especially if they were trying to touch it ...
He was offered several times to buy it (the auction up to 50 camels) but Bek Nasar always refused saying "we do not sell a friend." But the man became old, he decided to give the Turkmenistan Haras continues to be excellent stallion career. Bek Nasar died shortly after ... BEK NASAR U will be sold at the Haras du May Day, where he died in 1939 after having left behind excellent broodmares.
BEK NASAR DOR left more than 50 mares entered in the Stud Book.
His descendants had less fame, always because of Kambar and POLOTLI.
His son 93 DOR SASHLI, BELEDSHIK 332, 335 BERGUT gave several good stallions. The best were probably:
660 JULDUS whose son Kuyuk 755 (1948) left Kroket 751 (1957)
441 KEPDERI who gave LATSHIN 758 (1948)
80% of his descendants were the elite stallions. There were 17 stallions of this line between 1950 and 1960. Unfortunately, none provided the continuity because at the same time Turkmenistan breeders preferred Kambar and POLOTLI and Russia GELISHIKLI ...
Today the line is off, the only connection that exists is through the maternal lines in particular that of DSHEREN who had no male offspring.
The nearest lines BEK NASAR DOR are those of Posman and GELISHIKLI. The DORNASABEK stallion is the closest physically.
Kel Tshopar special case: the standard TSHOPAR KEL was a stallion having no relationship with nor BOINOU or with KUTLI SAKAR. Also the horses of two lines from TSHOPAR KEL (line Dor Bairam and Ak Sakal) have very marked characteristics significantly different descendants of BOINOU and SLUTSHAI. They are really old kind of war with an angular body and rump very different from the norm. The average horse was very consistent with that before 1900 horses and their appearance is very similar to that seen in the engravings or old paint.
TSHOPAR KEL left: KURTBAI (gray) which gave:
AK SAKAL father's lineage founder of AK 13 SAKAL.
DSHANGLIKAR whose small son DORDHA DEPEL had his own line.
KURTBAI (Black) who gave the lines of 85 heads and 386 Durno DOR Bairam.
These lines are known to have excellent broodmares.

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